fun facts about animals like turkey,emu,peafowl,dog,cat,parrot,mouse,rat and other animals

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Fact

The Species

The Fastest

Fastest animal on Land Cheetah . Reaching speeds of 70 MPH (not long though) 
Fastest Land animal long distance Pronghorn or American Antelope at 35 mph for 4 hours or 55 mph at 1/2 hour.
Fastest Bird Hunting Peregrine Falcon dives at speeds over 200 MPH
Fastest Bird Flying Racing Pigeon at about 100 MPH
Fastest Swimming Pinniped California Sea Lion at 25 MPH
Fastest Sea Star Sun Star, Pycnopodia helianthoides 75 cm per minute (0.027 miles per hour)
Fastest Dog Greyhound at 45 MPH
Fastest Fish Cosmopolitan Sailfish  at 68 mph
Fastest Bird Non Flight Ostrich  can reach speeds of 43 mph
Fastest Insect Runner  Cockroach at 3MPH
Fastest Insect:  Dragonfly  can move at  36 mph
Fastest Mouth (sea) Frogfish.  6 milliseconds to open, swallow and close.
Fastest Swimming Bird Gentoo Penguin  can swim underwater up to 22 Mph
Fastest Dolphin Dall's porpoise at 56 MPH
Fastest Whale Killer Whale, Orcinus orca at 56 MPH
Fastest Reptile Spiny-Tailed Iguana at about 21 MPH
Fastest Growing Plant Bamboo can grow at a rate of 3 feet per day.
Fastest Growing Aquatic Plant Caulerpa taxifolia, also known as killer weed grows at 3 inches per day. 
Fastest Caterpillar Mother-of-Pearl Moth at 15 inches per second
Fastest Dinosaur  Dromiceiomimus. about 37 mph
   

Largest

Largest Sea Cucumber Members of the genus Stichopus have been measured up to 40 inches long and 8 inches in diameter.
Largest Rat Bosavi woolly rat at 82cm (32.28 inches) at 3.3 lbs. Discovered deep in the jungle of Papua New Guinea
Largest Living Organism Humongous Fungus. Estimated to cover over 2,200 acres and at least 2400 years old. (Oregon) Thanks to Michael Rogers for this fast fact. 
2nd Largest Living Organism Grove of Aspen Trees in Utah. Named "Pando". 660 Tons, 200 acres
Largest Insect Egg Malaysian stick insect (Heteropteryx dilitata) at .05 inches. 
Largest Invertebrate Architeuthis dux (Giant Squid) Up to 59 foot and over 1 ton (so far)
Largest Gastropod Syrinx aruanus. Australia. In 1979, a 40 pound animal was found with a shell that measured 30.4 inches in length and 39.75 inches in girth.
Largest Clam Giant Clam is 4ft. 6in. across 
Largest Sea Urchin Sperosoma giganteum Test diameter of 38 cm (13 inches)
Largest Wave (Ocean) 524m high hit Lituya Bay on July 9, 1958 caused by a 8.3 Earthquake 
Largest Octopus Pacific Giant Octopus with an average arm span of 8ft. 2in.
Largest Carnivore Sperm Whale.
Largest Carnivore  (Ever) Giganotosaurus carolinii was 40 ft long, and weighed 8 tons. Looked like a T-Rex.
Largest Fish Plankton-Feeding Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus) at 41 feet 6 inches long.
Largest Flying Bird Great Bustard which can  weigh as much as 32 pounds and are 4 feet long.
Largest North American Animal Buffalo (Bison)
Largest Pigeon Giant Ruck. Up to 4 Lbs
Largest Creature (length) Artic Lion's Mane. (Jellyfish). Bell was 7 feet wide and tentacles over 120 feet long.
Largest Animal Blue Whale  averages 110 feet long and a whopping  209 tons
Largest Pantherine  Tiger
Largest Land mammal African Bush Elephant reaches 13 feet high and weights 8 tons.
Largest Frog African Goliath Frog is about 11 inches and about the size of a rabbit.
Largest Amphibian  Chinese Giant Salamander grows about 6ft.in length weighs 132 
Largest Bear Kodiak Bear and weighed 1600lbs. 
Largest Snake Reticulated Python  averages between 26-32 feet long 
Largest Snake on Record The longest and heaviest snake on record is a Reticulated Python in the Kendal Zoo in Indonesia.  It was discovered in the jungles of Sumatra and is now cared for by zoo snake handler Iman Darmanto. This snake is approximately 48 - 49 ft and weighs 985 lbs.  Thanks to Shawn Morgan for this fact
Largest Bug Stick Insect averages 15 inches long 
Largest Reptile Saltwater Crocodile averages 16 feet long and 1,150 pounds
Largest Lizard  Komodo Dragon  at 9-10 feet long and up to 300 pounds
Largest Dolphin Killer whale (Orca) at 32 feet long and  21,000 pounds
Largest Shark Great White Shark  reaches up to 21 feet and over 2 tons
Largest Shark on record Whale Shark. 59 feet long, captured in Thailand in 1919.
Largest Invertebrate Giant Squid reaches up to at least 60 feet long
Largest Rodent (ever) Phoberomys Pattersoni. Now extinct weighed over 1500 lb !!!. 
Largest Rodent (current) Capybaras  in South America weighs about 100 lbs.  
Largest Sea Star Evasterias echinosomo 96 cm (37.79 inches) in diameter, weight 5 kg (11 pounds), collected in the North Pacific
Largest Turtle  Leatherback Turtle
Largest Swan Trumpeter Swan. Wingspan up to 9 feet. 
Largest Seaweed Macrocystis pyrifera, a brown algae called the giant kelp. The longest recorded length is 54 metres long! M. pyrifera is the type of kelp that makes up the majority of the giant kelp forests off the California coast.
Largest Sponge Xestospongia muta, the barrel sponge, found in tropical coastal waters. Some individuals in the Caribbean measure 6-8 feet tall, and 6-8 feet across.
Largest Jellyfish Lion's Mane Jellyfish. Their Bells can reach 8 feet across and their tentacles can be more than 200 feet long
Largest Mouth on Land Hippo. They can open their mouth 180 degrees.
Largest Mouth anywhere Bowhead Whale Average up to 60 feet long and 20 foot mouth.
Largest Bird Egg Ostrich
Largest Land Carnivore Polar Bear
Largest Raptor Andean Condor. With a big 11 foot wingspan. 
Largest Wingspan (Bird) Wandering Albatross at 11 feet 11 inches
Largest Breed Hybrid Cat Savannah Cat. 
Largest Rabbit (domesticated) Flemish Giant. 11-14 Lbs.
Largest Gastropod Tridacna derasa, found on coral reefs in the South Pacific. One was collected on the Great Barrier Reef in 1917 that measured 49 inches by 29 inches, and weighed 579.5 pounds. The shell of a close relative, Tridacna gigas, was found off Ishigaki Island, Okinawa, Japan in 1956 measuring 45.25 inches in length and weighing 734 pounds
Largest Flower Amorphophallus titanum height of 6 feet or more and opens to a diameter of three to four feet. 
Largest Tree (USA) Giant Sequoia in California's Sequoia National Park, 2000 to 2100 years old. Measures 275 feet tall and 30 feet across.
Largest Tree (world) Australian Eucalyptus at 435 ft tall
Largest Little Cat  19. 
Largest Single Animal Cell African Ostrich egg.
Largest Spider Goliath Bird eater. As large as 11 inches in leg span
Largest Moth Atlas Moth. Wingspan of 12 inches.
Largest Invertebrate The Atlantic Giant Squid. Can weigh as much as 2 metric tons.
Largest Crustacean Giant spider crab Macrocheira kaempferi
Individuals can measure 12-14 inches across the body, with a claw span of 8-9 feet. 
Largest Bat Species Giant Fox bat is the largest bat in the world with its wingspan reaching more than six feet.
Largest Bat Colony Bracken Cave in central Texas holds about 20 million individuals.
Largest Appetite Blue Whale.  A blue whale eats up to 4 tons of krill everyday.
Largest Community Nest (bird) African Social Weavers. 100 chamber nest. Measured 27 ft long x 6 ft high
Largest Tree Nest (bird) Bald Eagle (Florida). 20 ft deep & 9.5 ft wide. Weighing almost 3 tons.
Largest Bird Nest (Ground)  Dusky Scrubfowl. 36 ft wide and 16 ft high. Over 300 tons of forest floor litter
Largest Vine Great Vine at Hampton Court Palace, Greater London at 7 ft 1 in high and 114 ft long.
Largest Weed Giant Hogweed. 12 feet tall with leaves as much as 36 inches long.
Largest Tree Girth (ever) European Chestnut at 190 foot. 
Largest Crocodilian Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile Crocodylus porosus at 23 ft long and larger.
Largest Eye Atlantic Giant Squid at est. diameter of 20 inches.
Largest Insect Egg Malaysian Stick Insect at 0.5 which is about the size of a peanut.
Largest Dinosaur Egg Hypselosaurus priscus had eggs about 12 inches.
Largest Claws (Ever) Therizinosaurus cheloniformis at 36 inches.
Largest Prehistoric Fish Carcharodon megalodon is estimated at 45 foot
Largest Trilobite Fossil trilobite 445 million-year-old specimen measures over 27.5 in in length.
Largest Seal The Elephant Seal. 
Largest Insect in Antarctica The wingless midge at 1/2 inch long. 
Largest Freshwater Fish Arapaima gigas (Catfish) in the Amazon River. Up to 15 feet and 440 lbs
Largest Carnivorous Plant Nepenthes, vines grow as long as 10 meters
Largest seaweed (world) Brown Algae called kelp. Macrocystis pyrifera called giant kelp. up to 54 meters long
Largest Coral Reef composed of roughly 3,000 individual reefs and 900 islands, 161 miles and can seen from outer space.  
   

Tallest

Tallest Horse Breed

Shire called Samson. He stood 21.2 and a half hands ( 7 ft 2 inches)

Tallest Dog Irish Wolfhound can reach an average of 7 feet when standing.
Tallest & Biggest Bird Ostrich  averages 9 feet tall and weighs 345 pounds
Largest Cow Breed Chianina. Bulls can reach 6 feet high.
Tallest Land Animal Giraffe averages 19 feet tall
Tallest Tree Nest (bird) Marbled Murrelet at up to 148 foot.
Tallest penguin The Emperor Penguin at an average of  4 feet tall.
   
   
Thickest Ice Antarctica
   

Coldest

Coldest Place on Earth Antarctica. During Night. 
Coldest Temperatures Recorded Antarctica. -129 degrees F.  
   

Smallest

Smallest Sea Cucumber Rhabdomolgus ruber, North Sea 10 mm (0.39 inches) in length
Smallest Wild Cat Breed Rusty-Spotted cat from Sri Lanka. 
Smallest Rabbit (domestic) Netherland Dwarf at only 1 1/2 to 3 lbs. 
Smallest Rodent Pygmy Jerboa at only a couple inches. 
Smallest Bat  Kitti’s hog-nosed bat Craseonycteridae thonglongyai  has a wingspan of less than 6 inches.
Smallest Incubation Period (bird) Small Passerines. Only 11 Days 
Smallest Crab Pea crabs in the family Pinnotheridae are about .25 inches across the shell
Shortest Marine Fish Schindleria praematurus, 12-19 mm in length, weight 2 mg
Smallest Turtle Speckled Cape Tortoise. Shell length of between six and 9.6.
Smallest Breed Horse Falebella of Argentina. The tallest one stands only 30inches at the shoulder.
Smallest Pony "Little Pumpkin." He stood 14 inches and weighed only 20 lbs!
Smallest Cow Breed Dexter. 
Smallest Snake Blind Snake only reaches about 6 inches.
Smallest Wingspan  Bee humming Bird only Two in a half inches  
Smallest Mammal Bumble-Bee Bat
Smallest Sea Star Leptychaster propinquus 1.83 cm (0.72 inches) total diameter
Smallest Raptor Pygmy Falcons. Only 3 oz.
Smallest Bird Hummingbird  is 2.5 inches long and only 0.06 oz
Smallest Dog Breed Chihuahua
Smallest Breed of Cat   Singapura
Smallest Amphibian  Cuban Frog only 3/8 long 
Smallest Soaring Bird Swift
Smallest winged insect  Tanzanian parasitic Wasp it has a wingspan of 0.2mm.
Smallest Sea Urchin Echinocyamus scaber Test diameter of 5.5 mm (0.21 inches)
Smallest Pinniped Baikal Seal. Adults are 4 feet 6 inches and 140 pounds
Smallest Fish Dwarfgoby.  Mature females reach only 8-10mm
Smallest Crab Pea crabs in the family Pinnotheridae are about .25 inches across the shell
Smallest Egg Clutch Albatrosses. They only lay an egg every 2 years.
Smallest Egg West Indian Vervain Humming Bird. Only 0.39 in in length and 0.0132 oz
Smallest Reptile British Virgin Islands gecko is only 7/10 in long
Smallest Nest (bird) Cuban Bee and Vervain Hummingbirds. 0.78 in wide and  1.2 in deep.
Smallest Brained Dinosaurs Stegosaurus at about 2.5 oz
Smallest Crested Penguin Rockhopper Penguin 
   

Longest

Longest Flying Bird Sooty Terns. They can go 3-10 years without landing. 
Longest Fish Whale Shark  averages 41 1/2  feet long.
Longest Worm Boot Lace Worm. More than 180 feet long. (1864) 
Longest Pregnancy 38 Months. Alpine Salamander of Southern Europe.
Longest Incubation (egg) Australian Lyrebird takes 50 days.
Longest Flying (land bird) Common Swift. Can go up to 3 years without landing.
Longest Time Underwater (bird) Emperor Penguin can stay underwater for 18 minutes.
Longest wing span  Wondering Albatross . Measuring 10ft. 6in. from wingtip to wingtip  
Longest Hibernation   Marmots can Hibernate for 9 months a year 
Longest Migration (Bird) Artic Tern fly's over 25,000 miles to the southern ocean. 
Longest Migration (Mammal) Gray Whale migrates about 12,500 miles per year.
Longest Migration (Insect) Desert Locust travels about 2,800 miles yearly.
Longest lived bird (captivity) Sulfur-Crested Cockatoo at over 80 years old.
Longest Living Animal Giant Tortoise lives up to 177 years
Longest Migration (Land animal) Caribou travels about 3, 700 miles yearly. Thanks Ed Pottie for correction Link for Fact Here
Longest Migration (Butterfly) Monarch at about 2,000 miles.
Longest Tail Feathers Crested Argus Pheasant at 5 feet 7 inches
Longest Snake Reticulated Python. Averages longer than 20 ft 6 in. Record 32 ft 9 1/2 in 
Longest Fangs (Snake) Gaboon Viper. The snake was 6 ft long with 2 inch long fangs.
Longest Venomous Snake King Cobra. Averages 12-15 foot long. Record was 18 ft 9 inches.
Longest Tail Dinosaur Diplodocid Diplodocus at 43-45 ft long.
   

Heaviest

Heaviest Horse Breed Clydesdale
Heaviest Dog Breed Mastiff 
Heaviest Snake Anaconda  was weighed in at 27 feet, 9 inches long and a big 500 pounds
  The longest and heaviest snake on record is a Reticulated Python in the Kendal Zoo in Indonesia.  It was discovered in the jungles of Sumatra and is now cared for by zoo snake handler Iman Darmanto. This snake is approximately 48 - 49 ft and weighs 985 lbs.  Thanks to Shawn Morgan for this fact
Heaviest Reptile  Marine Leather Back Turtle weighing at 700kmg. (0.8 metric tons)
Heaviest Turkey The largest domesticated turkey weighed 81 Lbs. 
Heaviest Bear Polar Bear at 2200 something pounds
Heaviest Cat (on record) 46 Lbs.
Heaviest Mollusc (and heaviest invertebrate) The giant squid (Architeuthis sp.)
The largest giant squid ever recorded (Architeuthis princeps) was captured in 1878. One of the tentacle measured 35 feet long. It is estimated that the animal weighed in the neighborhood of 4000 pounds.
Heaviest Fish (bony fish) Ocean Sunfish. Killed in 1908. 10 feet in length, 14 feet between dorsal and anal fins, 4,928 pounds. Struck by a boat.
Heaviest Bug Goliath Beetle. About 4.5 inches and 3.5 oz.
Heaviest Bird Of Prey Andean Condor at about 20-27 lbs.
Heaviest Crustacean American or North Atlantic Lobster at 44 lbs 6 oz.
Heaviest Living Organism (world) Pando aka The Trembling Giant in Utah, an Aspen tree. Est at 6,000 tons
   
   

Just Plain ODD

Best Sense Of Humor Shark
1st Poultry Domesticated Jungle Fowl. About 3200 BC
Hardest Shell (nuts) Macadamia Nuts
Fussiest Eater Koala eats only 6 of the 500 species of eucalyptus leaves.
Pigeon Fact A Pigeon's feathers weigh more that it's bones. Thank you  Marvin Vargas
Snail Breaths A snail breathes from its foot.  Thank you  Marvin Vargas
Oyster Gender Oysters can change gender back and forth.  Thank you  Marvin Vargas
   

Meanest

Meanest Animal (world) Honey Badger of South Africa 
Meanest Freshwater Fish Piranha, black are the meanest. 
   

Oldest

Oldest Pinniped (wild) Ringed Seal at 43 years old. 
Oldest Pinniped (captive) Grey Seal. 41-42 years in Sweden 1901-1942
Oldest Horse recorded 62 years old named "Old Billy"
Oldest Living Wild Bird Britain's Royal Albatross, 62 and still going. 
Oldest Living Snake Common Boa. Lived 40 years, 3 months,14 days names Popeye. 
Rarest Cat Breed (wild) Malabar Large Spotted Civet only about 250 in Asia
Rarest Bird (world) Ivory-Billed woodpecker and Jerdon's Courser
Rarest Sea Turtle Kemp's Ridleys 
Oldest Fish Species Chimaera. These fishes evolved 400 million years ago during the Devonian Period
Oldest Pinniped Ringed Seal at 43 years old.
Oldest Living Tree (NEW) Pine Tree in California named Methuselah.Over 4700 years old. Kept secret for it's protection. 
Oldest Tree Giant Sequoia in California's Sequoia National Park, 2000 to 2100 years old. Measures 275 feet tall and 30 feet across.
Oldest Dog Breed Saluki. of Egypt dating back to 7000 - 6000 BC
Oldest Cat (on record) Tabby Cat. 34 years old.
Oldest Fish The Common Eel at 88 years.
Oldest Chelonian Madagascar radiated Tortoise lived to at least 188 years.
Oldest Living Organism (world) Pando aka The Trembling Giant in Utah, an Aspen tree. Est. 80,000 years old.
   

The Most

Most Ferocious Creature (water)  Piranha. 
Most Venomous Animal Sea Wasp
Most Dangerous Spider Sydney Funnel Web Spider
Most Venomous Spider Brazilian Wandering Spider (Phoneutria nigriventer) only 0.006mg will kill a mouse. 
Most Complicated song Male Humpback Whale; Each  song can last over 30 minutes 
Most Snake Venom 1 bite  110 mg. Enough to kill 100 over people. Inland Taipan
Most Shocking Animal  Electrical eel can release 650 volts.  
Most Legs Millipede has 750
Most Feathers Whistling Swan  has about 25,216
Best Hearing Animal Bat.
Most Plentiful Ocean Creature (bottom) Sea Pigs. 
Most Taking Bird African Gray Parrot. Can learn over 800 words.
Most Dangerous (water) Sea Wasp or  Marine Stinger. 10 tentacles means death. 
Most Dangerous Animal Human with Hippo being second
Most Dangerous Anything Common Housefly 
Most Dangerous Animal in Canada Moose
Most Dangerous Snakes (USA) Rattlesnakes - Eastern and Western Diamondbacks
Most Dangerous Snakes (Africa) Egyptian Cobras, Saw-Scaled Vipers, and Puff Adders
Most Dangerous Snakes (Asia) Cobra and the Russell's Viper
Most Deadly Snake Inland Taipan
Most Venomous Snake (World) Fierce Snake (Oxyuranus microlepidotus)
Most human deaths (snake) Saw-Scaled or Carpet Viper
Most Deadly Spiders (USA) Brown Recluse and Black Widow
Most Poison Frog Poison Arrow Frog. 2 micrograms of toxin will kill a human.
Most Poisonous Animal Golden Poison Frog
Most Venomous Animal Box Jellyfish.  
Most Destructive (Insect) Desert Locust
Most Greediest animal Larva of the Polyphemus. 
Most Plentiful Ocean Creature (bottom) Sea Pigs. 
Most Massive Tree “General Sherman,” the Giant Sequoia at 275 ft tall and weighs 2000 tons.
Most Poisonous Fish Puffer Fish of the Red Sea and Indo-Pacific region. 0.1 gm can kill you.
Most Dangerous Parasite Malarial parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which are carried by Anopheles mosquitoes, have probably been responsible for half of all human deaths.
   

Strongest

Strongest Bird Bald Eagle. Can carry as much as 15 lbs in flight. 
Strongest Web Spider Silk is stronger than any known fiber equal to it's size 
Strongest Animal Rhinoceros Beetles
Strongest Land Animal (measured in absolute strength) is the elephant- which can lift more than a ton and drag a load of more than 20,000 pounds.” Compliments of Mindy Arbo
   

The Deepest

Deepest Sea Cucumber Unidentified specimen taken from the Philippine trench in 1951 at 33,431 ft
Deepest Diving Bird Emperor Penguin  can dive 1772 ft underwater.
Deepest Fish Abyssobrotula Galatheae found in Puerto Rican Trench at over 5 miles down.
Deepest Sea Star Eremicaster tenebrarius Collected in 7,630 meters (25,032 feet)
Deepest Place in Ocean Challenger Deep, Marianas Trench. 35,838 feet down (that's over 7 miles)
Deepest Dive (Turtle) Leatherback
Deepest Root  wild Fig Tree at Echo Caves, South Africa at 393.7 feet deep.
   
   

The Loudest

Loudest insect  African Cicada at 107 decibels it is almost as loud as a road drill
Loudest Animal Blue Whale
Loudest Land Animal Howler Monkey
   

The Best

Best sense of smell (fish) Shark. Detect as little as 1 part blood in 100 million parts of waters. 
Best Swimming (bird) Penguins
Best Sense of Hearing (bird) Barn Owl
Best Sense of Smell (bird) Kiwis
   
   

The Rarest

Rarest Canine Ethiopian Wolf
Rarest Amphibian  Painted Frog, Lives in Israel  
Rarest Dog Breed HOUNDS OF CRETE called the Cretan Hounds
Rarest Animal (sea) Baiji Dolphin. Only a few left.
Rarest Animal (Land) Amur Tiger. Only 60-70 Amur tigers left.
Rarest Bird of Prey Californian Condors. Only 61 remain in the wild. 
   
   

The Shortest

Shortest Life (Insect) Mayflies. Live as little as one hour.
   

The Slowest

Slowest Fish Sea Horse at .01 MPH
Slowest Bird Maturity Royal and Wandering Albatrosses take about 6-10 years to mature.
Slowest Flying Bird American Woodcock does about 5 MPH
Slowest Growing Tree White Cedar in Canada
   

The Highest

Highest Flying Bird Ruppell's Griffon Vulture at about 7 miles up
Highest Frequency Hearing (mammal) Bats.  120-250 kHz
   
   
   

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These fact pages we will not allow sponsorship as hopefully kids will learn and enjoy. These pages are done mostly by Annie Kimbrough 12 years old, now 15. She has researched many places to get this.